Volume 12 Number 2 (Jun. 2022)
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IJEEEE 2022 Vol.12(2): 49-61 ISSN: 2010-3654
doi: 10.17706/ijeeee.2022.12.2.49-61

E-Learning Achievement of Higher Education Students: Role of Students’ Learning Readiness, Grit and Characteristics

Marcela Fang, Kijung Choi

Abstract—In response to the rapid and forced transition to e-learning due to the COVID-19 pandemic, this study aims to explore the factors underlying students’ e-learning achievement. This study proposes a theoretical framework based on literature to assess the role of students’ e-learning readiness, grit, and characteristics in explaining their perceived e-learning achievement. The empirical data of 196 higher education students were collected via an online survey. Using structural equation modeling and a multigroup analysis, the findings indicated that students’ self-directed learning, learner control, motivation for learning, and online communication self-efficacy from the e-learning readiness scale, as well as the perseverance of effort from grit scale, have significantly impacted their perception on e-learning achievement. The results also highlighted significant differences between first year and higher year students in a continued effort to achieve learning, and learner control to achieve learning success. The implications of the findings and educational practice are discussed.

Index Terms—E-learning, e-learning readiness, learning achievement, grit, students’ characteristics, higher education.

The authors are with William Angliss Institute, 555 La Trobe Street, Melbourne, VIC 3000, Australia (email: kijung.choi@angliss.edu.au).

Cite: Marcela Fang, Kijung Choi, "E-Learning Achievement of Higher Education Students: Role of Students’ Learning Readiness, Grit and Characteristics," International Journal of e-Education, e-Business, e-Management and e-Learning vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 49-61, 2022.


Copyright © 2022 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

General Information

ISSN: 2010-3654 (Online)
Abbreviated Title: Int. J. e-Educ. e-Bus. e-Manag. e-Learn.
Frequency: Quarterly
Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Kuan-Chou Chen
Executive Editor: Ms. Nancy Lau
Abstracting/ Indexing: EBSCO, Google Scholar, Electronic Journals Library, QUALIS, ProQuest, INSPEC (IET)
E-mail: ijeeee@iap.org
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